Rwm models these are hollowshaft geared motors for motor outputs of 0. The shfcr1 series is a highperformance, zero tooth backlash gearhead that integrates a cross roller output bearing and features a hollow input shaft. Also evaluate the torque considering the hollow shaft of 100 mm inner diameter. If the area of cross section of both the hollow and the solid shaft is same along with power transmission in solid and hollow shaftread more. They use hollowshaft speed reducers and do not require transmission components such as couplings, chains, or sprockets, so virtually nothing rotating is exposed to the outside, and high safety is assured without use of a safety cover. Shafts hollow shafts misumi features this shaft facilitates customers to arrange wiring, because the wire can be pierced into the inside of the shaft and contributes to weight saving of equipment, because the shaft is hollow. Incremental encoder incremental encoder with solid shaft or. As shown in the figure, shear stress in a shaft subjected to torsion varies linearly from zero at the center to the maximum at the boundary. Maximum shear stress of 80 mpa is applied on the shaft.
It generally has circular crosssection and can be solid or hollow. Test procedure for solid and hollow ductile shafts. Comparative study of hollow and solid shaft for the application in. A hollow rod that weighs the same as a solid rod will be much wider so the force will be spread over a much larger area. The strength of a shaft implies the maximum torque it can transmit. Incremental encoder incremental encoder with solid shaft. Pumps with vertical hollow shaft actuators are used at wastewater discharge and water supply facilities, as well as in pulp and paper production, well drilling, agriculture, and mining. A hollow shaft encoder mount is one of the lowestoverhead, loweststress options. Hollow shaft construction is available in frame sizes 2 and larger whereas solid shaft construction is available in 182 and larger. Kdu the kdu series are direct drive motors which achieve 10 arcsec positioning accuracy as well as 0. What is the difference between a hollow shaft and a solid. The shaft extension on these motors normally has an annular ringshaped keyway to carry the thrust of the pump and a radial keyway to transmit torque. Shafts are supported on the bearings and transmit torque with the help of gears, belts and pulleys etc.
Once the bore hole reaches the desired depth, the hollow stem acts as a temporary casing, keeping the sides of the bore hole from caving in. Determine the maximum shearing stress in the hollow shaft subjected to torsion, shown in fig. Jun 07, 2018 difference between hollow shaft and solid shaft is one of the important comparisons in design of machine elements. Gear tooth forming by means of gear tooth rolling and the manufacturing of the hollow shafts by means of spin extrusion are two technologies that have been engineered and can be employed to optimise production engineering process in terms of resource efficiency. Hollowshaft construction is available in frame sizes 2 and larger whereas solidshaft construction is available in 182 and larger. Direct drive and hollow shaft motors harmonic drive. Aurora motors provide long and troublefree service under challenging conditions with minimum maintenance requirements. Harmonic gearing with integrated cross roller bearing. Shaft and coupling basic interview question and answers strength of material som notes free pdf download coupling design requirement, types, design of sleeve coupling what is drive shaft, driveshaft, driving shaft, propeller shaft hollow shaft vs solid shaft which is better. Rdrive vertical hollow shaft motors, other mounts and. Some shafts, for example true temper sensicore, have a straw like insert inside for vibration absorbent purposes. Shafts hollow shafts misumi misumi south east asia. Calculate the torque that can be applied on the shaft for the given shear stress. This design offers simplicity because a hollow shaft encoder is compact, adjustable, and versatile.
Hollow shafts do not transfer more power but the power to weight ratio of hollow shafts is more as compared to a solid shaft. Our motors are high efficiency, high starting torque, quiet running, with low vibration and low temperature rise. I recall being told once that hollow rodsshafts tend to resist torsion more than solid rodsshafts. Both hollow shaft and solid shaft motors are described in this instruction book. Comparison between solid and hollow shafts, in this tutorial you will learn about comparison between solid and hollow shafts. The electromechanical device in the optical rotary encoder is designed to register changes in relation to a reference position and detects angle, distance travelled, speed, acceleration or direction of rotation. Difference between hollow shaft and solid shaft is one of the important comparisons in design of machine elements. Hollow shaft gearboxes and gearheads engineering360. Novotechnik hollow shaft angle sensors offer high quality construction, precision and accept various shaft sizes and configurations.
A hollow shaft has greater strength and stiffness than a solid shaft of equal weight. I vaguely understood the ideas expressed in the answers there still trying to wrap my head around the second moment of. While, a solid shaft doesnt contain any through concentric hole inside it. Before looking into the difference, let us know what is a shaft. The design of the main shaft of a small wind turbine capstone. The shaft of this screw conveyor had a weak spot with a hole at one location, caused by scouring. Figures 46 show typical hollow shaft high thrust motors and figures 79 show typical solid shaft high. If the hollow shaft of aluminum is used, slide two steel inserts into the ends where the. Both hollowshaft and solidshaft motors are described in this instruction book. Rwm models these are hollow shaft geared motors for motor outputs of 0. Polar moment of inertia of a circular hollow shaft can be expressed as. What is the minimum diameter, d, of the solid shaft. Which shaft design will be more weight efficient and why. The geometric dimensions of the notched shaft are shown in figure 4.
Mar 09, 2017 comparison between solid and hollow shafts, in this tutorial you will learn about comparison between solid and hollow shafts. Besides standard versions, eltra offers to its customers the. Percentage saving in weight of hollow shaft vs solid shaft. Incremental rotary encoders are used in virtually all branches of industry for the acquisition of measured data for rotary movements. Incremental encoders, solid and hollow shaft, with hall effect. Very similar to most direct driven horizontal motors. Solid is stronger in the simply supported on both ends application. Hollow circular shaft with outer diameter d 2 and wall thickness of 10% d 2. Dec 17, 2011 solid shaft models couple to the pump shaft at the lower end of the motor. There are two kinds of shafts that a vertical pump motor typically has. But if we have radial space constraint then solid shaft is preferred since, in this case solid shaft has more power transfer capacity than hollow shaft. The electromechanical device in the optical rotary encoder is designed to register changes in relation to a reference position and detects angle, distance travelled, speed. On the third floor of the building, while carrying out this welding job on the hollow shaft, two men were lining the hopper of the screw conveyor with rubber sheets. A solid shaft in bending or tensile or compressive forces will always be significantly stronger for the same material,dimensions and loading.
A solid shaft in bending or tensile or compressive forces will always be significantly stronger for the same material, dimensions and loading. The drilling crew can take samples through the hollow stem, or use it for setting a. Vertical hollow shaft motors are designed primarily for deep well turbine pump applications. Torsional rigidity is defined as the torque required to produce a twist of one radian per unit length of. The shaft has a machined surface finish and an ultimate tensile strength of 552 mpa. The bending stress fs developed in a solid shaft is given by. Difference between hollow shaft and solid shaft mechopedia. Crosssections for hollow and solid circular shafts remain plain and undistorted because a circular shaft is axisymmetric. A hollow shaft vertical motor works a bit differently. The standard is a solid shaft which is comparable to most other motor shafts and couple to the pumps shaft with a keyed coupling. They use hollow shaft speed reducers and do not require transmission components such as couplings, chains, or sprockets, so virtually nothing rotating is exposed to the outside, and high safety is assured without use of a safety cover. Before we start this case, have a look at these manipulations. It depends on torsional rigidity of the shaft since it renders the stiffness to the shaft.
The only feature left with the solid shaft is its diameter you dont need to mention outer diameter, if its a solid shaft. So hollow shaft is better than solid shaft in terms of the cost. Crosssections of noncircular nonaxisymmetric shafts are distorted when subjected to torsion. Hollow shafts are much better to take torsional loads compared to solid shafts. Sep 08, 2011 lecture torsion in solid and hollow shafts 1 1. If speed feedback is a crucial factor, a hollow shaft encoder is the best choice. If you see the shear stress diagram of a shaft on application of torque it would. Hollow shaft solid shaft speed changers and reducers miki. The diameter of the hollow shaft is more than the solid shaft and require more space. Figures 46 show typical hollowshaft high thrust motors and figures 7.
Power transmission in solid and hollow shaft exergic. Solid and hollow shaft when the shaft is subjected to combined twisting moment ad bending moment then the shaft must be designed on the basic of two moments simultaneously. Shaft subjected to bending moment only linkedin slideshare. Shaft deformations when subjected to torsion, every cross section of a circular shaft remains plane and undistorted. Bending strength in this case is proportional to the moment of inertia which for a constant mass is higher if the mass is distributed further away from the center. A hollow shaft has greater strength and stiffness than a. Comparison of hollow and solid shaft by strength youtube. A shaft for torque transmission like crank shafts, drive shafts it is always better to choose a solid shaft because it has higher torsional stiffness. The shaft was repaired by welding around the weak spot with the hole. I need to determine the dimensions of the hollow shaft if the maximum stress is to be the same as for the solid shaft. Horizontal motors, or parallel drives, are preferred in generalpurpose applications where external thrust affecting the bearing is either zero or close to the. Diameter of a solid shaft can calculated by the formula. Shafts are generally subjected to bending moment, torsion and axial force or a. Why is a hollow tube more stable than a solid tube.
The shear stress developed in a hollow shaft is lesser than that developed in a stable shaft for a similar utilized torque and same exterior diameter. To reduce the cost, the manufacturers prefer the hollow shaft rather than the solid shaft. Me 457 experimental solid mechanics lab torsion test. This type coupling is more common on shallow pumps and tanks than on deepwell applications. Shaft subjected to bending moment only when the shaft is subjected to pure bending load, the principle stresses induced in the shaft are tension and compression. Hollow shaft is having a through hole which is concentric with the external diameter of the shaft. A hollow shaft made of nodular cast iron is used to transmit torque within an automatic transmission. The stress distribution in the case of the solid shaft is zero at the center and maximum at the outer. Hollow shafting is stronger as a cantilevered application than a simply supported each hollow shaft. Since both are the same materials and all im trying to do is duplicate the amount of torque and stresses that the solid shaft is able to handle what formulas andor thumbrules would you consider best for using, thanks. Shaft 1045 carbon hollow steel shaft thrust bearing upper 2tp 286tp regreasable angular contact with polyrex em grease 324tp 5810p oil lubricated angular contact or spherical with site glass up to 300% guide bearing lower 2tp 286tp grease prepacked, double shielded rolling bearings. Com 2031 american ave hayward, california 94545 telephone.
Slide the shaft into the troptometer and tighten down the two fastening screws to the shaft. Hollow shafts are having a more polar moment of inertia, thus they can transmit more torque compared to solid shafts. Eltra has developed a broad catalog of incremental encoders here classified according to the type of mechanical mounting solid vs blindthough hollow shaft and the type of sensing technology optical vs magnetic, with a wide range of resolution, flange and electronic outputs available to meet the specific applications needs. In general, this analysis allow us to determine the social, technological, economic. Shaft is a common machine element which is used to transmit rotary motion or torque. When there is no space constraint, then for same mass, hollow shaft is better than solid shaft. In general, a hollow shaft is stronger than a solid shaft for the same specific weight. Incremental rotary encoders our products incremental rotary encoders are used in virtually all branches of industry for the acquisition of measured data for rotary movements.
May 25, 2018 in this video i give step by step procedure how we compare solid shaft and hollow shaft in terms of weight, strength and rigidity. The capability to weight ratio in hollow shaft is greater than the solid shaft. Measure the diameter of the test specimen using the caliper take an average of 5 measurements. Hollow shaft is not always better compare to a solid shaft.
Dec 23, 2016 shaft subjected to bending moment only 1. I also need to know what the percentage saving in weight of the hollow shaft compared with the solid one. To prove this we have to compare the shaft bending stress developed for the same applied bending moment to the hollow shaft and solid shaft. Hollow shaft harmonic gearhead shcr1 series from conic systems. The fraunhofer iwu has become a leader in the production of rotary parts by forming. The only feature left with the solid shaft is its diameter you dont n. Blind or through hollow shaft o12 mm 105000 pulses per. Any rotating member which is transmitting torque is called shaft. In this case maximum stresses induced in the shaft is determined by the theory of simple bending. We will use the beam bending equation here for the calculation of bending moment stress.822 1428 370 680 662 364 769 57 984 462 350 692 595 307 32 144 378 1392 306 261 1023 496 1201 1268 1199 734 1431 939 588 388 134 712 436 1029 195