The battle is revisited in countless adages and works of popular culture, such as in films e. Leonidas had to depart from sparta with just a small advance force due to religious reasons, but circumstances made him unable to wait for the full force to reinforce him. However, as the majority of the greek army retreated, leonidas, his 300. Aug 30, 2008 the battle of thermopylae and heroec resistance of our king leonidas and his men, the 300 spartans and the 700 thespians under the leadership of demophilos against the hords of xerxes emperor of. Jan 14, 2008 no doubt many people would be interested to visit the modern site of the battle of thermopylae after watching the movie 300 in 2007. Taking 300 of his royal bodyguard with him, leonidas made his way to thermopylae. All of the material covered in thermopylae is covered in greater detail in persian fire.
The battle of thermopylae, on 2425 april 1941, was part of the german invasion of greece during world war ii. Battle of thermopylae scene from the movie 300 youtube. The movie was generally accepted as a pretty good action flick. Thermopylae was a small delaying battle in the persian invasion of mainland greece. Battle of thermopylae is to 300 as the battle of marathon is. The battle was the climax of the second persian invasion of greece. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
What are the major differences between frank millers 300 and. Its story is based on the famous battle of thermopylae, quote the battle of thermopylae r. The history channels examination of the battle of plataea whenever the grecopersian wars of 490479 bce have been mentioned, the first battle that has immediately sprung to mind for many is the defense of the narrow pass of thermopylae in 480 bce led by king leonidas and his 300 spartans. At thermopylae battle, held during persians wars, 480 b. Mar 29, 2008 yea i knew alot of that i didnt say there was only one king or anything and plus they do use their phalanx formation in the movie. The battle of thermopylae is a battle in september 480 bc during the greekpersian war 480 479 bc. I looked this up in the bible and found these stories are almost identical. This website is dedicated to king leonidas, the 300 spartans, 700 thespians and other greek warriors who fought to the death during the battle of thermopylae hot gates in august, 480 b. By 480 bc, xerxes had built up an enormous army of some one hundred and fifty. The battle of thermopylae between greeks led by leonidas and persians led by xerxes. Is the bible story of the gideon 300 copied from the battle of thermopylae or the other way around. Following the retreat of allied forces from the mountain passes at olympus and servia, british commonwealth forces began to set up defensive positions at the coastal pass at thermopylae, famous for the battle of. The battle was fought for over three days, at the same time as the naval battle of artemisium. To that latter list, add 300, a movie movie, a fullblooded.
The battle of thermopylae, 480 bc, was a battle in the second persian invasion of greece. When i was younger i remember hearing vague stories of the gideon 300, actually in a christian song, then when i was older id read stories of the spartans and their battle using 300 warriors. What was the date of the battle of thermopylae answers. The battle of marathon was a set piece battle on an open plain 10 years earlier. Fascinating history about the battle between the spartans and persians that changed the world 480 bc fascinating world history book 2 historyepisode 3. The battle of thermopylae was fought in central greece at the mountain pass of. The spartan 300 weren t supposed to be holding the pass by themselves. Battle of thermopylae, august 480 bc military history. Nov 11, 2012 first battle scene from the movie 300 2006. Remember, solving crosswords is a great way to train your memory, learn a lot, and develop analytical skills. Descriptive texts and many photos of the battlefield and the modern monuments.
He betrays the spartans to the persians out of greed for riches, and, it is implied, unrequited love for a spartan girl named ellas. The original against all odds battle 300 spartans at the. This was especially evident in the battle of thermopylae waged between the greek and persian forces in the late summer of 480 b. The other looming difference is that most modern scholars debate herodotus the only primary source for the the battle of thermopylae estimate of the persian forces, putting the number between 100,000 300,000. The story of leonidas and the legendary battle of the 300 at.
The battle of thermopylae august 480 bc is one of the most famous military defeats in history, and is best known for the fate of the 300 spartans, killed alongside 700 thespians on the final day of the battle. Jan 23, 2017 so without further ado, let us try to sift some of the facts from fiction, and have a gander at the 10 things one should know about the battle of thermopylae a momentous episode of history that stands testament to the importance of tactics and bravery in war. What was the effect of battle of thermopylae answers. But if you see something that doesnt look right, click here to contact us. Although there were 300 spartans present at the defense of thermopylae, there were at least 4,000 allies involved on the first two days and 1,500 men involved in the fatal last stand. Through the investigation of selected primary and secondary sources, students in this lesson will identify, understand and be able to explain how a vastly outnumbered and outgunned greek force was able to hold out against a much larger and more powerful persian army at the battle of thermopylae and why this battle is considered to be a watershed event in the history of western civilization. After three days resisting the much larger persian army of xerxes i, greek forces were betrayed by ephialtes and sent into retreat by their leader, leonidas, who died during a final stand. Still a tiny figure compared to the forces against themthere is evidence that the vast persian army has been vastly exaggeratedbut more than the legend, which forgets some contributors. He well uses both modern and ancient sources to tell the story not just of the battle of thermopylae, but also of the whole war in which it took place. Its long been a fascinating subject, but it hit popular culture in a big way with the 2007 feature film 300, based on the graphic novel by frank miller.
The last stand of the 300 spartans top documentary films. There were several instances where the director should have stuck to the real historical accounts. Get a concise look at the history of the battle of thermopylae in just 60 minutes. Xerxes, whose forces vastly outnumbered the spartans and their allies, offered to spare the lives of leonidas and his few thousand defenders if only they would lay down their weapons. This map is based off the battle of thermopylae where 300 spartans tried to defend against hundreds of thousands of invaders at a small mountain pass to weaken the enemy enough so that the rest of. Apr 17, 2016 battle of thermopylae is most famous for the last stand of 300 spartans though it is not known by many that it also involved 1100 warriors from other greek states. Thermopylae is primarily known for the battle that took place there in 480 bc, in which an outnumbered greek force probably of seven thousand including the famous 300 spartans, 500 warriors from tegea, 500 from mantinea, 120 from arcadian orchomenos, from the rest of arcadia, 200 from phlius, 80 from mycenae, 400 corinthians, 400 thebans.
Jul 22, 2008 the battle of thermopylae is to 300 as the battle of marathon is to 11,000. It took place over three days, at the same time as the naval battle of artemisium. Made famous by the 1998 comic book and 2006 sword and sandal epic 300, the battle of thermopylae was the original against all odds conflict. I didnt want to render sparta in overly accurate terms, because ultimately i do want you to root for. The battle of thermopylae and heroec resistance of our king leonidas and his men, the 300 spartans and the 700 thespians under the leadership of demophilos against the hords of xerxes emperor of. The battle of thermopylae in 254 was the successful defense of the pass of thermopylae by local greek militia under marianus, the roman proconsul of achaea, during an invasion of the balkans by the goths. In the 1962 film the 300 spartans, ephialtes was portrayed by kieron moore and is depicted as a loner who worked on a goat farm near thermopylae.
Why did the king of sparta leonidas decided to bring 300. Hellenes never layed down their weapons and fought until the end, they all died. Leonidas, the king of sparta, motivates his warriors to defend the hot gates, thus blocking the invading persian forces of xerxes into the narrow. The story of leonidas and the legendary battle of the 300 at thermopylae. The battle for the west is one of those greatly accessible, pleasantly reading, and yet academically meaty history books. Were there really only 300 spartans at the battle of thermopylae. The greeks chose the narrow pass of thermopylae as the site. Find thermopylae lesson plans and teaching resources. It is true there were only 300 spartan soldiers at thermopylae but they were not.
What happened during the battle of thermopylae answers. I was fortunate enough to pass through there on the way back to athens in 2006 after a 4day tour around mainland classical greece with key tours. The battle of thermopylae is literally a textbook case, required reading even to this day at military colleges and officer training around the world. It is all based around the battle of thermopylae, at which 300 spartans took on a huge number of persian soldiers. Find out what really happened at the battle of thermopylae in 480 b. Soon after the battle, the greeks built a stone lion in honour of those who had died.
What was the result of the thermopylae war answers. Battle of thermopylae simple english wikipedia, the free. As some have stated above however, there were more greeks at thermopylae engaged in a delaying action in a mountain pass than the 300 shown in the movie. It was fought for 3 days in the year 480 bc and was part of the second persian invasion of greece led by xerxes the great. Has any archaeological evidence been found of the spartans. The battle that changed the world by paul cartledge in one sentence. Yes, it was a true story, although the movie wasn t historically correct on some points, it was a more of a glorification of the actual event. Its one of the millions of unique, usergenerated 3d experiences created on roblox.
Leonidas and 300 spartans cut their names into ancient history, but what actually happened. Oct 22, 2019 there was a little more to the compromise. Bible story of the gideon 300 or the battle of thermopylae. If youve been looking for the answer to leader of the 300 spartans at the battle of thermopylae, were happy to share that you can find it here with us.
If the 300 spartans had stayed home and if persians had won the. This makes its way onto the blog for men for obvious reasons. The first world empire and the battle for the west by tom holland instead. It was fought between an alliance of greek citystates, led by sparta, and the persian empire of xerxes i. It took place in a narrow gorge, called thermopylae, where a group of 300 spartan hoplites died heroically, blocking a way to the persian army of the tsar xerxes i. Spartans and persians faced each other in a bloody battle. The battle of thermopylae, sparta and her ancient greek allies against xerxes and the persian empire. The battle of thermopylae and the heroic stand of the 300 spartans is one of the most wellknown battles of ancient times, mainly due to the 2006 film 300 and its 2014 sequel 300.
The greeks lost, and the persians advanced to capture athens. The athenians tried to block the persian navy at the straits of artemisium, but another persian force of perhaps 100,000 to 150,000 landed at the thermopylae pass which is where king leonidas i of sparta comes in. The thermopylae pass was also the site of two other ancient battles. Has any archaeological evidence been found of the spartans last stand at thermopylae in 480 bc. The 300 spartans led by the spartan king leonidas met the persians by thermopylae, while the naval forces, which were under the athenian themistocles, met them by sea, most importantly at artemisium. Nov 30, 2017 so the battle of thermopylae included a land and sea component. The battle of thermopylae 300 spartans, what actually. Its based on a series of miller comics inspired by the 1962 film the 300 spartans, so its. The battle of thermopylae was fought in central greece at the mountain pass of thermopylae in 480 bce during the persian wars. I imagine that, at the very least, things like arrowheads must have been left lying everywhere in vast quantities and might have. Battle of thermopylae date, location, and facts britannica. Now, the history channel offers a definitive perspective on the epic conflict with this instructive and thrilling featurelength presentation. Leader of the 300 spartans at the battle of thermopylae.
Battle of thermopylae ancient history encyclopedia. The exact date, for the battle of thermopylae, has not been determined but most historians agree that august 7 or september 810, 480 bc is probable the year 480 bc is not in question. The battle of marathon, the battle of salamis, and the battle of thermopylae were fought between greek citystates and invading persian empire forces in the early fifth century bce. Last stand of the 300 is an interesting 90minute documentary from the history channel explaining the details of the ancient spartans showdown with the persian army at the battle of thermopylae. The battle of thermopylae, 480 bc, was fought between an alliance of greek citystates, led by sparta, and the persian empire of xerxes i. Put walls on the sides so the horses wouldn t realize it was on the water and get freaked out. Leonidas chose to camp at, and defend, the middle gate, the narrowest part of the pass of thermopylae, where the phocians had built a. The spartan victory at the battle of thermopylae opened the door for american staples, like. View battle of thermopylae research papers on academia.688 454 34 493 1301 449 1585 96 1437 825 1155 123 1298 1391 310 1173 546 855 424 573 964 719 1128 931 337 381 93 1273 456 243 283 824 509 669 880 251 645 561 1230 380 1364 541